(b) way, citizens in a democracy have not

(b) The characteristics of the actors who are admitted to or excluded from such access; (c) The resources or strategies that these actors can use to gain access; (d) The rules that are followed in the making of publicly binding decisions. To produce effects, the regime must be so organised that actors become habituated to […]

(2) high educative value. It cannot function

(2) It is the best specimen of representative democracy as it recognises the ultimate sovereignty of the people and ensures ministerial responsibility. The executive is continuously responsible to the legislative assembly and as such any serious misuse of executive power can be checked readily through the immediate removability of cabinet members. (3) A third merit […]

Their to build discipline and civil allegiance.

Their numbers and ideas multiplied with the return of exiles from Europe and North America when some political ‘opening’ began. They began to provide legal aid, counseling, and education to torture victims, women’s groups and also the broader opposition. Finally, there were associations of poor urban women who were forced to respond to the removal […]

2. censure, refusal to pass government bill,

2. Political Homogeneity: All the members of the Ministry and the cabinet are normally the members of the same Political party. Generally they are drawn from the majority party in the legislature. In other words, there is political homogeneity this form of government. 3. Co-operation between executive and legislature: There is harmonious co-operation between the […]

The groups were also presaging a pluralist

The NSMs may have been localised, issue specific and non-political but through their activities, they worked to move political power away from the narrow elite of military junta, civilian bureaucracy and technocracy, and foreign investors. Their demands could have been local and limited but by raising them, social movements were actually invoking the basic issues […]

Admittedly, conservative status quoist middle classes. Besides,

Admittedly, these were politically ‘exclusionary’ regimes as they constricted the political arena using coercion and co-optation; and often blamed the populist leaders for squandering the financial resources and excessively mobilising the under-classes particularly the labour. Authoritarian regimes on the whole succeeded in restoring economic growth rates and in fact, during the 1960s and the 1970s, […]

The state came to Establish over all the

The military coup of 1964-described by the armed forces as a ‘revolution’-had some kind of a Salvationist mission to restore law and order and economic growth pattern which evidently the weakling civilian populist regimes had failed since the days of Vargas. The military coup was brought about by two groups: the so- called ‘hard-liners’ and […]

Types The Declaration set forth the civil

Types Human Rights may be classified as civil, political, economic and cultural. (1) Social or Civil Human Rights: Rights generally related to life, liberty and property which help to lead civilised ways of life for the individuals as well as nations are known as social or civil human rights. Articles 1 and 2 of the […]

ISI state autonomy vis-a-vis all the social

ISI had entailed a central role for the state including the most necessary one of accumulating capital for industrialisation. It was a triple alliance under ISI strategy wherein the state sought to channel both the domestic entrepreneurs and foreign multinationals towards the goals of economic development. Besides its concerns for economic development, state had also […]