The basic and most important aims and objectives of this world organization are to maintain world peace and security, improve relations between nations, and to promote co-operation in finding out solutions of various economical, social, cultural and humanitarian problems of the world. Headquartered in New York, America, the United Nations has been playing a very important and effective role in maintaining peace and avoiding war.
It has been instrumental in settling many disputes between several nations on many an occasion that would have otherwise resulted in major conflict. The Security Council is the main organ responsible to maintain world peace. It has five permanent members, and six other members are elected for two years by the General Assembly.
It began with 50 nations as its members, but now it has 185 members. They all are members of the General Assembly, the chief deliberative organ of the C.N. All the other organs of this world body are answerable to it, and they submit their annual and special reports to it for consideration. The assembly makes recommendations on reports, elects Secretary- General and the judges of the International Court of Justice, admits new members, and also elects the non- pertained members of other councils. Besides the General Assembly and the Security Council, there are the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council and He International Court of Justice. The Secretary-General heads the Secretariat. He is the Chief Administrative Officer of the Uri’s. He presides over the meetings of the General Assembly and other major organs of the world body.
Besides these principal organs, Uri’s, has man other specialized agencies like International Labium Organisation (I.E.), Educational/ Scientific and I Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) etc. These agencies neap the parent body in achieving different goals and objectives. For example, WHO. Aims to aid the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all the people of the world.
Besides maintaining peace and solving political disputes, the U.S.A. has also been successful in the reconstruction of the social, economical, cultural and environmental fronts. It is because of the U.N.0. That has been so much of co-operation, understanding, trust and friendship among the member nations in various fields. But still much is desired to be achieved. The nations of the world look forward to the U.N. for a much bigger and vital role in the years to come. Their expectations and hopes from this w6rld body are really high. Undoubtedly, the U.S.A. has a great and promising future, and many new milestones to establish