According to the Cambridge dictionary, globalization is a noun which is defined as the development of closer economic, cultural, and political relations among all the countries of the world as a result of travel and communication becoming easy whereas the Industrial Revolution is defined as the period of time during which work began to be done more by machines in factories than by hand at home. The First Industrial Revolution utilized water and steam energy to motorize creation. The Second utilized electric energy to make large scale manufacturing. The Third utilized hardware and data innovation to robotize generation. Presently a Fourth Industrial Revolution is expanding on the Third, the computerized unrest that has been happening since the center of the most recent century. It is described by a combination of innovations that is obscuring the lines between the physical, computerized, and organic circles. (Schwab, 2016) Muslims worldwide have been facing globalizations in different eras of Industrial Revolutions. In general, globalization in the Industrial Revolution can bring impact in both positive and negative towards individuals, society and the nation. In the Fourth Industrial Revolution, globalisation such as the growth of halal industry, the advancement of technology, the dissemination of Islamic bank, and the evolution of modest fashion brings positive impacts as well as challenges towards Muslims.In the 4th industrial revolution , halal industry also have gone through globalisation with generates an estimated 2.1trillion dollar per year with a market base of 1.6 billion muslims worldwide and it comes to no surprise that even the non muslim business owner were racing to tap into this ever growing market share . However , with it being a new market this industry faces some unresolved question regarding to the standardisation and halal certification of the product with various countries demanding more strict protocol than others. For example ,  UK slaughter houses have to stun the animals before being slaughtered because the RSPCA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) said that it is an unnecessary suffering to the animal if it not being stunned , in fact the whole EU have made it mandatory since 1979. Asia is home to the biggest muslim population in the world with 65percent of the whole muslims population . It is a perfect opportunity for muslim country to dominate this market before the foreign companies start tapping the market. Malaysia has been recognised as a leader in the halal field through an initiative by annually hosting World Halal Forum since 2006 to discuss on the new technology and complementary-related services . In addition to that , with this growth in the industry muslim country in Asia can attract new foreign investment . For example , Malaysia gains 1billion dollar in January and February 2013 from foreign direct investment through TMHH (Tanjung Manis Halal Hub) in the state of Sarawak . TMHH is a infrastructure with 77,000 hectares for halal agriculture, aquaculture and processing facilities and due to completion in 2020. Even though it is hard for non muslim producer to make their product halal certified because by ensuring their food meet the criteria needed for halal certification , the producer are making their product suitable for the muslim population which are growing in numbers exponentially. For example , in the UK the muslim buying power is estimated in the region of 20 billion pound with a population of 2.7 million and growing it would a no brainer for companies to not make their products to be halal and it is a win-win situation for muslim in non muslim countries as they can now buy product that are halal easily with the large companies and retailer such as Tesco in the UK providing Halal meat and other products to cater for the growing halal market.Globalisation in advancement of technology has given benefits to the Muslim society as well as challenge. The availability of technology at our fingertips has consequently make people become more empowered with its existence including the Muslims society that has openly embraced the usage of technology. The first benefit of technology is the Islamic learning resources can be adapted into digital forms and can simply be distributed globally. The development of Information Technology (IT) had greatly helped in improving teaching and learning approaches in Muslims society. Through Information Technology (IT), it paves the way for Islamic application software to be available for different categories of devices such as laptops, smart phones, tablets, and others (Abu Bakar Mahdi, 2015). Nowadays, the presence of software application that caters the Muslims’ religious needs are gradually increasing. For instance, 3D Salah application on prayer’s guide, Quranic recitation and translation application, downloadable Islamic application software both in Qur’an and Hadith format as well as Islamic games and other interactive software as a religion learning medium for children (Zahran, n.d.). With the existence of Islamic applications and software, the learning resources are easily accessible by Muslims from all over the world on top of facilitating knowledge transfer and sharing amongst Muslim world. The second benefit of technology is the dissemination of Islamic knowledge is made easier through media. Modern day’s technologies such as television(TV), mobile phones, the internet, social media support the solidification and reinforcement of Islam. Day by day, the internet has grown into the most popular platform of communication for any purpose among the Muslims society. To illustrate, there are specific websites that are tailored for Muslims to hold forums and debates such as IslamiCity Forum and. Through the existence of such websites, the Muslim preachers can also hold forums and discussions on various Islamic topics online. This will eventually give the Muslims opportunity to ask questions and convey their perceptions by participating in the forums/discussions. Another example is dissemination through media which is via television channels such as Iqrae, Ennass, Majd, El Houda, Erahma (Azzouzi, 2013). In addition, the usage of technological gadgets which are smartphones, androids, mobile phones, tablets and etc are also widely used by the Muslims nowadays. Thus, with the help of technology, many new applications for gadgets that promote Islam were invented and one of it is android app on Google Play, Ummaland which is a social and lifestyle network for Muslims around the world. Apart from that, social media too such as Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram, Twitter, and others has assisted and abetted the propagation of Islam thru web pages and group chats (Abu Bakar Mahdi, 2015). So, Muslims now have easy access towards any information they wanted in the shortest of times. The third benefit is freedom towards Muslim women with the advent of technology in this globalisation era. With the empowerment of technology, Muslim women now can discover many new things on the internet freely. Due to this, more and more Muslim women have ventured into online businesses mainly Muslimah fashion, beauty and food. For instance, some remarkable Malaysia’s millennial Muslim businesswomen are Vivy Yusof, the Co-founder of ‘FashionValet’ and Noor Neelofa, the founder of lifestyle brand ‘Naefolar Hijab’ (Azizan, 2017). A study by marketing trend and research outfit J. Walter Thompson’s Innovation Group noted that the growth of the new generation of millennial Muslimah in Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and Brunei, combined with an explosion of social media, digital platforms and e-commerce, has directed to the rapid progress of a burgeoning market for halal fashion, beauty, technology and food (Azizan, 2017). Because of advancement in technology, online shopping is made possible and easier for Muslims consumers. As claimed in the article ‘Meet Malaysia’s millennial’s Muslim women’, with the number of digital consumers in South-East Asia climbing by 50% over the past year to 200 million (according to business consultancy Bain & Company) and the Internet economy valued at RM155.5bil, the number of young Muslimah shopping and selling online is a force to reckon with. This clearly shows that social media and websites are a helpful tool for Muslim women to expand their online businesses. However, despite the benefits obtained, the Muslims society also encountered challenge. The challenge confronted is the negative representations of Muslims are easy to spread through media. Social media presents a huge opportunity for Muslims to reach out to people who may not know about Islam or Muslims especially Americans (Salma, 2011). But, most Americans are exposed to Muslims through media which have the tendency to represent Muslims as terrorists, violent, and “the Other”. Spreading of damaging media representation caused the increasing of insight of Muslims as aggressive, raised the negative sentiments towards Muslims and encouragement for policies harming Muslims. These negative representations are mainly spread through cable news, newspapers, television, movies and video games. Besides, one study discovered that Americans’ aid for public policies aiming Muslims was connected to the media for information about Muslims (Saleem, 2017). Therefore, through advancement in technology the Muslims society has relished the benefits and also combatted challenge. Globalisation such as Islamic Banking brings positive impacts towards Muslims in the Fourth Industrial Revolution as it will provide easy and convenience transaction to Muslims minority especially in western countries. In general, Islamic banking and finance has been described as having the “same purpose” as conventional banking but operating in accordance with the rules of sharia law (Institute of Islamic Banking and Insurance). For all we might have been informed that islamic bank will give loans without any interest required from the bank. For instance, a man in UK named Talha Laher who is a manager of Chicanos, a restaurant who has been trying to look for opportunity to expand his business. He found Al Rayan to be using Islamic Sharia and ethical values. In the past, he has struggles to expand his business as he has to compromise on the islamic beliefs. Islamic banks do not charge interests, and there is no investment in gambling and alcohol. Therefore, there is also no investment in pornography. Another example we can see is a woman named Shama Amin a director of Little Academy day Nursery in Bradford. This nursery has also benefited from the Islamic bank. By expanding her business, she will have no worries as the bank will provide help and support for the business saving and loans. We also have quite a number of Islamic banks in Malaysia. For example, Bank Islam in Malaysia. We are lucky enough to have Islamic banks. In case of setting up business, we can use the loans from Islamic banks instead of from conventional banks. Besides Bank Islam, there is also Bank Muamalat. Furthermore, Western countries like UK, there is an Islamic bank named Al Rayan Bank. Birmingham-based Al Rayan Bank formerly known as the Islamic Bank of Britain has been named as one of the best Islamic banks in the world in 2005.   This bank helps provide money for the Muslims in UK to be able to open up business. In addition, there is an Islamic banking in Hong Kong, which is Hong Leong Islamic Banking Hong Kong. This bank uses Islamic bank innovative Shariah-compliant wholesale and investment banking solutions to meet clients’ needs. Although some of the countries are against Islamic bank because of their fear of the economic take-over by Islam, Islamic bank is still going strong in some parts of countries in the east and west. Islamic banks also situated in the United Kingdom listed is Qatar Islamic Bank, HSBC Bank, Habib Bank and National Bank of Pakistan. The muslims will have to take up challenge to make the Islamic system become prominence as to form a strong economy in Islam.  In the fourth industrial revolution, some of the globalization brings a positive outcome towards the Muslim society such as the evolution of the Islamic modest fashion as it helps to promote Islam to the society. The Islamic modest fashion had been growing day by day and had caught the attention both of the manufacturers and the consumers in the fashion market. The evolution of the Islamic modest fashion marked that Islam is being recognised and celebrated in the consumer industry. In the beginning small businesses started by Muslims, in Europe and the Middle East, began to cater to this generation several years ago, and recently big brands have caught up. The idea of Islamic modest fashion is to help the Muslim to be up to date in fashion and at the same time following the Shariah compliance. Recently, big and well-known brands come to realize about the Islamic modest fashion and began to cater into it. For instance, from the H&M campaigns and Dolce & Gabbana’s collection of abayas, so-called modest fashion is coming of age. In September 2015, Sweden’s H&M, the world’s second largest retailer, featured a Muslim model wearing a hijab in an ad campaign for the first time. British media portrayed her appearance in the video as a milestone for Muslim women in the UK. In sports, the well-known sport outfits company, Nike recently has decided to launch a sportswear for the female Muslims. According to Khan (2017), the Nike pro hijab will be in the market in spring 2018 inspired by the hijabi runner from Saudi Arabia, Sarah Attar who took the global stage in London which along with Emirati weightlifting Olympian Amna Al Haddad. Anna had spoke to the Nike regarding the issue she’s facing with the hijab such as she had difficulty as she only has one, and had to hand-wash it every night during competitions and it is quite heavy and always suffocated her that made her had struggled to focus throughout the game. Hence, Nike want to create a lightweight hijab which is comfier, almost like a second skin. The hijab will build from a light fabric which is suitable for sports and also flexible also have tiny holes to overcome the suffocate issues. This will help the Muslim women athletes to perform better in sports without facing any problem with the hijab. Besides, Marks & Spencer (M&S), the iconic British retail chain, is now marketing the burkini, a full-length swimsuit ostensibly designed to protect the modesty of Muslim women. By having the burkini, muslim women now can cover their aurah properly at the beach at they also can swim with comfort as it is lightweight. Some Burkini enthusiast said that the burkini also suitable for the non-muslim that want to protect their skin from burning. As we can see, by the acknowledgement from big brands toward the Islamic modest fashion, it can help to change the entrenched western view of the veil as a sign of the oppression of women. Because before this, the westerners assumed that the hijab that every Muslim’s women need to wear shows the oppression in Islam toward the female’s Muslim. The Islamic modest fashion nowadays became wider and a lot more of modern garments had been launched. Before this, the westerners and the non- Muslims think that the veil and the modest clothes which were mostly all black that the Muslim women wear as a sign of oppression. Fortunately, it all changes even in a small way as nowadays a lot of manufacturers launched a line of clothes that not only black but also in varieties of trends and patterns. This shows that Islam did not limited Muslim to only wear all black to make them invisible instead they can be fashionable and following the current fashion trend as long they are still following the Shariah compliance. However, the Islamic modest fashion also faced some challenges such as it is complained that the price for the garment’s produced is too high.This is true actually because the high quality of fabrics materials that they use, and the amount of fabrics use to cover them properly as according to the Shariah compliance, Muslim women must cover their aurah properly which cannot be see through clothes. According to Elanany, a fashion designer, “My prices are reflective of my cost prices which are very high because everything is made in the UK. However, UK manufacturing guarantees ethical manufacture.” So it is not the manufacturer easily put a high cost to the clothes to take a lot of profit out of it but it is because materials to make a high quality clothes. Also it was criticized that some of the islamic modest fashion does not entirely along with the shariah compliance. According to Hill (2008), while she was in Egypt, some of the young muslim women does wear hijab but they wore tight jeans, shirts and figure revealing outfits. This is actually totally contradicts with the Islamic teaching as women need to cover their aurah properly and can bring a negative opinion about Islam. So as muslim in the generation M, we must realise that the evolvement of islamic modest fashion is good indeed it brings a lot of positive outcomes toward Islam however we also must care about the islamic guidelines. To clarify, fortunately not all of the islamic modest fashion are deflected of the islamic teaching but only a small portion of them but still it is an issue that should be overcome.In a nutshell, it is obvious that the revolutions that has happened for centuries has made a major impact to the world. In this era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and globalization, the development of halal industry, the headway of innovation, the dispersal of Islamic banking, and the advancement of unobtrusive mold bring forth positive effects and challenges. The growth of the Halal Industry have proven to be positive for the Muslim communities in general with growing number of large manufacturers investing in the halal industry that shows the sector will continue to grow in the near future. in The advancement of technology has been an advantage for Islam as more and more Muslims are embracing technology every day for good usage including accessing Islamic learning resources through digital forms, using media as a platform to spread Islamic knowledge and freedom towards Muslim women in term of internet usage. Islamic banks are available for the muslims to be able to use loans without interest and it complies with Islamic Sharia and ethical values. The evolution of the Islamic modest fashion marked that Islam is being more recognized day by day and being accepted in the society as some of the huge fashion brands began to cater into the islamic modest fashion. Not only that, the non- muslim also began to refresh their mind that the veil is not a sign of oppression towards Muslim women contradicts with their perception toward Islam all this while. So we, as the people living in the 21st century, need to make use of the modern and sophisticated technologies to ensure that we are keeping up with the progress of various industries.

Author