“Capitalism
is soul destroying. The only way forward is a revolution!”

After
Karl Marx’s powerful, out of nowhere statement, each theorist is left staring
at one another without saying a word. Marx’s reassure them all that it is
indeed true that capitalism is soul destroying and the only way forward is a revolution. According to Marx, “the ideas of
the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas (Marx & Engles 1978:
172)” Capitalism is a system based
on individual investments in the productions of marketable goods. Furthermore,
the system itself is self-destroying
humans. Marx thinks that capitalism
is soul destroying because capitalism leads to alienation. Humans not only
become a stranger to the product they are
making but to themselves as well. “…this realization of labour appears as loss of reality for the workers (Marx &
Engles 1978:71).” Therefore, the next step forward is a revolution because that it the only way the proletariat could
revolt against the bourgeoisie. After Marx explained a bit what he meant, Adam
Smith gives him the stare. He does not agree with Marx. For Smith revolution is
not necessary because it would disrupt stability and order. In which are both
important in a society. Both Marx and Smith look at Tocqueville, who has not said anything yet as he’s still eating
his cookies. Tocqueville looks up and states
the bigger issue at play is a democracy.
This is so otherwise the bourgeoisie will rise and rule a fake society without
independence and individuality. The silence fills up their booth until Marx
decided to start again and try to explain his statement.

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Marx explains that his main problem is exploitation. He’s interested in
class struggles, particularly the bourgeoisie and proletariat. Which is
essentially the oppressed fighting against their oppressors for equality.
According to Marx, classical tragedy explicitly exists. For being the best
bourgeoisie there is, they are destroying themselves making way for the
proletariat in the future. In which they are not aware of. The
communist manifesto explains how the working class will end up with an amazing
future. The owners of the mean of
production also known as the bourgeoisie are capitalists. Marx argued the
bourgeoisie exploited the proletariat. Their work gave created wealth for the
bourgeoisie. For example, through tangible commodities and congealed labour. “The emancipation of working class must
be the act of the working class itself (Marx & Engles 1978:532).” For Marx,
capitalism contained components of self-destruction and is an economic system. Marx
argued each new ruling class had self-serving
belief system installed in them. The idea becomes
common ideas which translate into the
norm. However, Marx saw that by accepting the mindsets of the elite, people
miss out on how it does not reflect everyone’s interest. Revolution is when a
population rises to revolt against authorities. Which in this case, the
proletariat rising to the bourgeoisie. The
crisis in capitalists’ production will result
in revolutionary activities. The only way to escape is if the proletariat
surpasses the bourgeoisie in leading a revolution. Non-elite classes need to
reject those ideas and develop a class of their own. That’s the only way out.
With this success, a new society will form. In which things will be shared among everyone. As well as the class structure would disappear. As Marx
finishes his long explanation to his friends on why capitalism is hurting
humans and revolution is key, he takes a sip of his coffee and gives them the
stare. Not being intimidated by Marx, Smith decides to jump in and say his
piece on the issue.

 

Smith
starts off by saying how a nation’s wealth is what’s important. The rise of
different types of employment is key. For
Smith, free market and the invisible hand is what creates a positive outcome in
a society. The idea where consumers and producers are helping each other
without knowing. People will invest in capital in pursuit of profit.  This hidden system results in the market
always being in equilibrium. In which includes the law of supply and demand,
leaving the government to have little to do with the system. When people start
up business to make money, the government act in a way to unable natural
liberty. Smith believes in capitalism because, in
a free market, citizens can gain money and spend it like they please. Smith
does not think capitalism is soul destroying like Marx does because consumers
and workers are somewhat equal. In the sense that they can do anything they
want their own money. Everyone’s market and the natural
price is different in accordance with
one’s need and benefit. This helps humanity to better their conditions because
many are investing and saving. For
Smith, revolution is not the only way forward to a “better” society. In fact,
Smith believes revolution does no good because it disrupts order and stability.
Which are far more important values than creating a revolution? Without being able to properly conclude his point, Marx interrupts. He tells Smith that
the problem lies in the production of
good and its distribution. All of which will result
in a division of class. However, to avoid this division of class, there must a
revolution of some sort. Instead of everyone equally getting resources,
resources will only be made to those who can afford it.  With calm nature, Tocqueville waits for a silence to break before explaining
his piece. He wants both Marx and Smith to be able to comprehend his idea about
the issue.

Tocqueville
explains to his friends that his focus is the living standards and conditions
of individuals in American democracy. However, it does not mean that he can’t
argue the issue because America faces the same problems just differently. He is
interested in the dangers it faces due to social influences. Considering
democracy can’t be perfect, the citizen
should know the factors that play a role in all this. As well as the
consequences. Tocqueville perspective on capitalism is it’s a road to
servitude. He does not speak about it in great details but does explain how
people will eventually conform. Which could lead to cliques? Tocqueville is less concerned with capitalism
because if it leads to revolution democracy will be in greater danger. For the
main danger is the excessive love of sharing. Though he never explicitly said
he agrees with Marx, they both share a similar idea. He envisions society like
Marx in which they agree that civil society is like a business. “…where the citizens
are nearly on an equality, it becomes difficult for them to preserve their
independence against the aggressions of power (de Tocqueville 2002:72)”. Tocqueville speaks about different
revolutions in which all their soul
purpose is to establish a political system and transform a new society. Marx tells
Tocqueville that capitalism is incompatible with democracy because capitalism
is the dictatorship of bourgeoisie and democracy entails rule by the people.

 

After
each theorist passionate explanation on the issue, they once again remain in
silence. Marx recaps his point. He insists that capitalism is self-destroying
and the only way to escape it is to set up a new system. By ignoring this
problem, the oppressors will continue to oppress. Workers will continue to feel
a great disconnection with everything around them. Smith ends with saying that
taking away order and stability from a society will only create chaos. In which
will cause a greater division. Tocqueville adds how the bourgeoisie needs to step away because if not, society will
be given rules that would turn society chaotic. There’s a need for independence. When all three theorists are
done recapping their ideas to each other, they all walk and go their separate
ways.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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