In the formulating of a constitutional democracy, the Framers were
influenced by two governmental theories: John Locke’s natural rights
philosophy and the ideals of classical republicanism from the Greeks and
Romans. Locke’s philosophy pondered on the importance of individual rights
and self-interest.

People who live under a certain government have a “social contract”
with their political representatives, or the government. The have an
agreement that as long as the government protects the natural rights of the
people, then they consent to give up a portion of their freedom and abide
by all the laws of the said government. George Washington, one of the
Founders of the US Constitution, told members of the Tuoro Synagogue in
1790, “Happily, the government of the United States that gives to bigotry
no sanction, to persecution no assistance, requires only that they who live
under its protection should demean themselves as good citizens in giving it
their effectual support. ” However, what happens when the government stops
working for it’s people. The Right to Revolution allows for assembly of
the people to overthrow the government.

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Since the Constitution was really a compilation of all the knowledge
and wisdom from the past, it is very obvious that much thought and time was
put into the writing of this document. Its ideas and principles were
working for the citizens of the United States up to this present time. The
US government is still the authority of the country and despite
occasionally being questioned, has never been overthrown. We agree with
Webster that the US Constitution is a collection of the wisdom for all
ages. Some people might think that there’s no way for it to include all
the knowledge and wisdom for all of time. Some of its addressed items are
slightly indirect. One such clause that contains enough elasticity to be
broad and cover a wide range of rights is the “necessary and proper”
clause, which enables Congress to create the “necessary and proper” laws in
order for them to carry out the powers delegated to them by the
Constitution. There are also the 27 Amendments to the Constitution that
was written and approved to protect the individual and in the 14th
Selective Inclusion Clause to demand that states now protect individual
rights. This Constitution, with the help of the ninth Amendment of
“unenumerated rights”, was left broad enough to cover every aspect of
citizenship, government and the protection of natural rights.

An empire of reason could be considered a system under which the
country is run on sensible and realistic views and principles: views that
accentuate on common welfare, principles that are broad enough to refer to
all people yet still strict enough as to restrict certain unreasonable
behavior, and views that address the people with a sense of authority that
still leaves room to show respect towards its citizens. It is reasonable
to assume the American Republic is an “empire of reason.” Many great minds
worked together to create this “miracle at the Philadelphia Convention.”
Thomas Jefferson argued that although the Constitution was well written, it
still needed a Bill of Rights, which it later received. While Jefferson
was President, his Secretary of State, James Madison, continued his work
within the government. He highly approved of the idea of the federal
government being that natin’s ultimate authority over each individual
state’s government. Both ideas of Jefferson and Madison were incorporated
in the Constitution, and add to the sensibility and reason of the
Constitution as a whole. In 1990, Czech President Vaclav Havel imposed
upon the US Congress, “Wasn’t it the best minds of your country…who wrote
your famous Declaration of Independence, you Bill of Human Rights, and you
Constitution?… those great documents…inspire us all; they inspire us
despite the fact that they are over two hundred years old. They inspire us
to be citizens. Alexis de Tocqueville, a French aristocrat, believed that
democratic citizenship was the equivalent of enlightened self-interest. He
was also extremely impressed by America’s experiment with democracy, and
how well it worked. With observations made by important figures from old
countries, it is only fair that we call the American Republic, since it has
had such an impact on the world since it was established as well. No
wonder we stand straight when we pledge allegiance to our country through a
flag salute of a nation with liberty and justice for all.

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