Drug addiction is a psychological disease because it changes the structure and functioning of the
brain. The addict becomes dependent on the drug despite having full knowledge of its harmful
effects on health.Drug addiction causes immense human distress and the illegal production and
distribution of drugs have spawned crime and violence worldwide. At present, there is no part of
the world that is free from drug trafficking and drug addiction.
Drug abuse is a complex phenomenon which has various social, cultural, biological, geographical
and historical economic aspects. An uncontrollable desire or craving to consume the drug is
developed . The addicted people will find it impossible to control the drug intake and often engage
in compulsive behaviour to obtain drugs, thereby unable to discharge his day to day responsibilities
in an efficient manner.
The problem of drug addiction is all the more serious because the addicts are mostly young boys
and girls, the future citizens of a country on whom depends the future , its welfare and the society.
The disintegration of the old joint family system, absence of parental love and care in modern
families where both parents are working often leads to the adolescent taking up drugs to escape
the loneliness. Teenage is the age where the youth picks up the habit of taking drugs.
Drug addiction is often seen in patients who have experienced psychological trauma. Experiencing
trauma early in life increases a person’s susceptibility for drug addiction. Peer pressure and lack of
parental involvement in child’s activities are among the leading causes for drug addiction among
the youth and teenagers.
The process of industrialisation, urbanisation and migration have led to loosening of the traditional
methods of social control, rendering an individual vulnerable to the stresses and strains of modern
life. Drug addiction causes immense human distress and the illegal production and distribution of
drugs have spawned crime and violence worldwide. Millions of drug addicts all over the world are
leading miserable lives between life and death.The effects of drug addiction are quite fatal.
Damaged immune system which increases susceptibility to infection, cardiovascular conditions
including heart attack and collapsed veins, nausea vomiting and abdominal pain.
The geographical location of J&K helps in easy availability of drugs in the state.The turmoil and
stress play a huge role in this never ending war on drugs. Drug abuse has been a common for J&K
which invites attention of the authorities and civil society to treat this menace that is destroying not
only the abuses but is eating the vitals that are necessary to ensure a peaceful and prosperous
J&K, a state that makes headlines for terrorism is also a victim of rampant drug menance that has
posed a serious challenge equivalent to terrorism. J&K borders two hostile neighbours which have
compounded and are undoubtedly responsible for narcoterrorism in the state.The incessant turmoil
of Kashmir has often led the youth to follow the path of darkness where drugs has been used as
quick yet disastrous escape from the pain of unabated conflict.
The youth of J&K has been hooked to different substances ranging from cannabis, to inhalants,
like whiteness, paint thicker, and solvent. Cannabis, the gateway to drug is easily available.
According to data retrieved by de-addiction centre at SMHS hospital, 71% of people are treated for
substance use, cannabis being most commonly abused.
Narcotics control bureau of union ministry of home affairs annual report 2016 points that J&K is a
top state in India where drug illicit crops are cultivated. Lately, the J&K Police has been involved in
a campaign to destroy drug crops like poppy. The three feet poppy plant with pink or white flowers
is often grown by many farmers in Kashmir as an additional source of income.