Fisheries and aquaculture had remained as an important source of nutritious food, income and livelihoods for millions of people around the world (FAO 2016). The demand for fish production was growing every year due to more enlightenment on the wellness advantage of fish consumption (Ataguba, 2013). One of the factors of seafood becomes the most important food sources was due to its high nutritional content. Fish is an important source of animal protein and a huge range of essential nutrients such as fatty acid, vitamins and minerals which can contribute extensively to food security. According to FAO Fisheries (2014), 150g of fish can provide about 50-60 percent of any adult’s daily necessary protein requirements. In 2010, fish had accounted for 16.7 percent of the global population’s consumption of animal proteins and 6.5 percent of most proteins contain.
Nowadays, the global human consumption of fish is increased between year by year. Based on research, the demand of the fish keeps increasing was due to the growing human population and also anticipated to a larger awareness of the value of the fish in the diet (Wada, 2003). Global human consumption had increased from 104.4kg million tonnes in 2004 to more than 117.7kg million tonnes in 2009, leading to a rise in the global per capita seafood resources from 16.2kg to 17.2kg throughout that period (FAO, 2014). The fish sources from a stagnant record fishery will be struggling to support the growing demand of almost 6.8 billion people in the worldwide.
Most of the global scenario is more towards to sustainable aquaculture production. These can include the enhancing of the dependability of existing species and maximizing the survival probability of hatchery-reared fish especially fish fry (Sorgeloos, 2003). All of these practices have become a routine operation for all the cultured fish and shellfish. By maintaining it, over a billion of fish and shellfish larvae had been produced within hatchery all over the world (FAO, 1996). The larviculture industry of marine fish and shrimp can be valued at several hundred million of US dollar on a yearly basis for the development of more than 50 billion shrimp postlarvae and about 400 million marine fish fry (Dhert and Sorgeloos, 2014).