Greek Architecture and Orders
Greek architecture has been noted as some of the world’s finest
buildings known to man kind. Such as the Parthenon, and the temples they built
to their Gods, have been studied over for many years. The way these structures
were built is fascinating.
The Three Greek Orders of Architecture
Greek architecture is broken down into three orders. These
orders were determined by the way that the top or capital of each column was
sculpted. The first order was called the Doric Order. This was the most simple
of the three. It was only meant for sturdiness, not for beauty. The second order
was called the Ionic order. They had capitals sculpted like spiraling scrolls.
They too were not that beautiful, but very sturdy. The third was the Corinthian
Order. Ta the top of each capital of this order were carved Acanthus leaves.
They were very beautiful, but not quite as sturdy as the other two. The columns
were sometimes replaced with load-bearing statues called Caryatids.
Greek houses were probably the most common of all buildings.
They were built out of mud, and bricks. They all had a few rooms for dining,
cooking, bathing, and sleeping. To conclude about Greek homes, most Greek
citizens spent their time away from home, so little architectural specialties
were put into the households.
Ancient Greek Temples
Greeks spent alot of hard work, time and effort into the temples
they built for their gods. This was where the three orders were put into effect.
The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders were popular forms all over Greece.
Greek temples were made of stone, some were made of Marble. The Greeks
constructed many acropolises, one famous one was the Partheneon. Inside the
Parthenon shows statues of Athena and Poseidon fighting in the presence of other
gods. Who ever won would rule supremely over Attica. Also inside showed the
citizens of Athens for the very first time. Most temples were a house for the
gods, and some of them still stand today.
Use of the Orders
Use of the three Greek orders depended on what region you were