Hurricanes can be caused by many forces acting upon one anotherThe hurricane must
form over ocean water that is 26.5* C. Hurricanes draw their energy from warm waters. The
atmosphere must be unstable. teacher always told me
The cyclone has to be at most 500 kilometers from the equator,
because the Coriolis force is not present there. The Coriolis Force makes the cyclone spiral and
maintain it’s low pressure. A high pressure area must be present above the storm, which
pushes away the air that is rising from the storm. Hurricanes may not always form in these
conditions, but they always have to be present.


Hurricane are categorized into 5 categories, starting with the smallest and working its way
up to the largest Category I Hurricanes have winds of 118-153, storm surges of 1.2 meters and
cause very little damage. Category II hurricanes have winds of 154 through 177. Storm surges,
swells, up to 1.7 meters and damage to shrubbery, mobile homes, and small crafts. Category III
have winds from 178-210, storm surges up to 2.7 meters. Damage is done to Trees, roofs, mobile
homes, some flooding occurs, and damage is done to roofs. Category IV have winds from 211-
249. Storm surges get to an amazing 4.0 meters. Damage is done to all signs, roofing, major
flooding, and evacuation is planned. Category V hurricanes, the most deadly of all hurricanes has
winds of 250 plus. Enormous surges of 5.5 meters plus and damage is done to nearly everything.

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Hurricanes are born in the ocean no more than 500 kilometers from the equator. The
water has to be warm and high pressure areas must be present.


Hurricane season affects the eastern coast, the Caribbean, and Central America it
occurs from June to November, when waters are warm and pressure is high. In the

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