In her essay, A Room of One’s Own,
Virginia deducted some feminist’s issues. In this essay she stated that “a
woman must have a room of her own if she to write fiction.”  this sentence shown that during the onset of
the twentieth century women do not have privacy due to being financially
unstable.

Women do not have their own income and
mostly controlled by men. They cannot act, think, or even write freely. The
lack of privacy and money prevented even the highly intelligent women in the
past from writing effectively. Woolf hypothesizes the existence of Judith
Shakespeare who is as geniuses as her brother but because the bad circumstance
under which she lived she was not be able to write and eventually committed
suicide. Mrs. Woolf states that “for genius is not born among laboring,
uneducated, servile people”.  

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Women at that time preferred to write novels more than poetry Woolf
believes that the reason behind that is the frequent interruption which prevent
the train of thoughts because According to William Wordsworth “Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings recollected
in tranquility.” Woolf makes the reader experience this interruption of
thoughts when the major character was distracted by a tailless cat.

Woolf fictionalized an unnamed female
character. She tells the reader to call her “Mary Beton, Mary Seton, Mary
Carmichael or any other name you please…” this emphasizes that names do not
count and by taking different names and identities Woolf could generalize the
problematic situation.

Woolf sums up her argument by stating
that: “intellectual freedom depends on material things. Poetry depends upon intellectual
freedom. And women have always been poor, not for two hundred years merely but
from the beginning of time…women, then, have not had a dog’s chance of
writing poetry. That is why I have laid so much stress on money and a room of
one’s own.”

Woolf mentioned Aphra Behan who was the
first female writer to earn her money from writing. Behan paved the way for the
19th century writers like Jane Austen who could write in her family
living room despite the lack of privacy.

As a conclusion, not all the women can
overcome those social and financial obstacles like Behan and Jane Austen. This
essay by Virginia Woolf clearly illustrates that woman’s position as a writer
can be achieved through financial freedom which will lead to their intellectual
independence.

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