Introduction                

Safety has
become the most necessary aspect in our lives, from buildings we work in, to
our own homes that we live in. A recent research shows that fires have become
one of the major causes of industrial losses (NILFISK, 2016).

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There is a
solution to this problem, fluid powered sprinkle. A water sprinkler framework
is a dynamic fire insurance technique, comprising of a water supply framework,
giving satisfactory weight and flow rate to a water channeling framework, onto
which fire sprinklers are connected (Wikipedia, 2017).

This research
will show the proper design and calculations that go into making the best fluid
powered water sprinklers, along with its applications.

 

Problem Description

The main aspect
of this research paper is to design a fluid powered sprinkler that has rotary
motion when activated. This sprinkler will have a variety of applicable
situations in which it will ensure the safety of people in different areas,
such as in homes, offices, hospitals, factories, etc.

Information from
online recourses will be taken to ensure the design is at its best.

 

Literature Review

Normally, water
sprinkler systems are made up from a progression of segments including; Manual
Valve, Alarm Valve, Fire Sprinkler (head), Alarm Test Valve and Motorized Alarm
Bell (Gong). In addition to these components, there are extra segments that
help this course of action including a Valve Monitor, Pressure Switch and Flow
Switch. When heat is detected and the water sprinklers are turned on, the pressure
that is made by the fluid will cause the sprinkler to rotate in a  angle that will distribute the flow of water
to all directions.

These water
sprinklers are essential in all buildings, homes, factories, and basically all
around the city because they are a vital thing to have to ensure the safety of
the people and the building they are in.

There are a
variety of pipes that can be used for discharging the water, and each pipe has
its own advantages and specific uses. 

 

Design Considerations

As mentioned,
there are a variety of pipes that can be used when installing water sprinklers,
specifically there are four types; Pre-Action, Deluge, Wet and Dry sprinkler
systems. Off course, there has to be other components other than the pipes that
must be taken in consideration, Porteous who is the CEO of Maintenance
Essentials suggested them in 2010 as:

·     
Manual Valve

·     
Alarm Valve

·     
Fire Sprinkler (head)

·     
Alarm Test Valve

·     
Motorized Alarm Bell (gong)

Each component’s
location on the sprinkler system can be seen in image 1.0.

 

Image 1.0: the skeleton of a wet pipe system

·     
Manual Valve: used to detach the water supply,
it might likewise be known as the isolating valve.

·     
Alarm Valve: used to control the stream of water
into the fire sprinkler framework. Giving the restricted valve that is
ordinarily shut when the water weight on the fire sprinkler side of the valve
surpasses the water supply weight does this. At the point when the weight
levels or falls underneath the water supply weight, the valve opens to empower water
stream.

·     
Fire Sprinkler (head): the Fire Sprinkler is
additionally used to control the stream of water that uses the pressure gained
from exerting the fluid out of its nozzles; this is shown in image 1.2.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                      Image 1.2: head of a sprinkler system

·     
Wet Pipe Valve: the purpose behind the wet pipe
valve is when opened to allow the stream of water to flow from a solitary
programmed fire sprinkler.

·     
Motorized Alarm Bell: the alarm bell, or gong,
is a mechanical device, worked by the stream of water swaying a mallet that
strikes the gong, and triggers the sound of the bell.

After discussing
the minor components of the water sprinkler system, we need to discuss the
major, more important parts, which are the four different pipes.

·     
Pre-Action System:

Pre-action
water sprinkler frameworks are loaded with air, and then water is permitted to
go through when the smoke alert or indicator goes off. This kind of framework
requires two triggers to begin water stream. It helps greatly that the
pre-activity fire sprinkler can be set to keep water from gushing in the event
of a false alert or a mechanical malfunction. The pre-activity framework is
useful for use in places where the sprinklers are just essential when there is
a genuine fire so different things in the building don’t get water harm from a
coincidental sprinkling. Such structures include libraries and server farms.
These spots contain things of high esteem like hardware and merchandise
damageable by water, for example, books (Irma, 2016).

·     
Dry System:

Dry
pipe sprinklers are like pre-action frameworks, as they utilize pressurized air
in the pipe, which exits before water gets away. This causes a moment delay in
water release yet is perfect for structures with low temperatures so the
funnels don’t solidify. These fire sprinkler frameworks have a quick opening
apparatus to dispose of the air and accelerate the stream of water. The Dry
Pipe sprinkle system is shown in detain in image 1.4.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image
1.4: skeleton of dry pipe sprinkle system

·     
Wet System:

Wet pipe fire
sprinklers constantly have water in them. This takes into consideration a quick
response to a fire and is the most widely recognized kind of sprinkler
introduced in structures. A sort of building that uses the wet pipe framework
is a skyscraper or office working with a couple of floors. This fire sprinkler
framework is taken a toll proficient and low support (Markovic, 2016).

·     
Deluge System:

Deluge means an
extreme flow and that is precisely what this sort of sprinkler framework does. A
deluge framework has open nozzles that can be used when a risk is available.
All things considered, structures, for example, mechanical parks and structures
with many tanks have deluge fire sprinkler frameworks introduced, and this can
be seen in image 1.5.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image 1.5: skeleton of a deluge system

Applications

There are numerous ways that water sprinklers can
used. They are used in every aspect, from growing crops in a field (agricultural
use), right down to being a safety measure in an incident of fires in a
building.

·      In Agriculture:

An Irrigation sprinkler is a tool used to
water agricultural fields, gardens, backyards, greens, and different terrains.
They are additionally used for cooling and for the control of airborne clean.
Sprinkler water system is a strategy for applying water in a form of a system.
Water is dispensed through an arrangement of nozzles normally by pumping. It is
then splashed into the air through sprinklers with the goal that it separates
into little water drops, which showers the ground. The pump, valves,
circulation funnels, and sprinklers are by and large intended to apply water as
consistently as could reasonably be expected (Young, 2016), this can be seen in
image 1.6.

 

 

 

 

 

Image
1.6: simple layout of a irrigation water system.

·     
Safety in case of fire:

A
fire sprinkler system is a dynamic fire security technique, comprising of a
water supply framework, giving enough weight and flow rate to a water conveyance-funneling
framework, onto which fire sprinklers are associated (Wikipedia, 2017).

 

 

 

 

 

II

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image 1.8: skeleton of a standard fire sprinkler system

The layout of a
fire sprinkler system is very simple and efficient. Several sprinkler heads
connected to a water reservoir are linked with each other, using on of the
pipes mentioned, and displaced on the roofs of each floor in a building. A
smoke alarm triggers the heads to start ejecting water in case of fire and an
alarm bell starts going off to indicate that there is a fire and the sprinkler
system is working.

 

 

Conclusion

There are many
components that go into making water sprinklers, and those components have
subcomponents that are all considered in the design of making one effective water
sprinkler system.

There are many
application and uses for such water sprinkler system. Ranging from industrial
use to agricultural use, right down to safety measures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                    

 

References

N. (2016). Explosions of
Steam Boilers. Scientific American, 10(1), 2-2.
doi:10.1038/scientificamerican09161854-2f

 

 

Water sprinkler system.
(2017, December 15). Retrieved December 16, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fire_sprinkler_system

 

 

retrieved form https://www.google.com.sa/search?q=typical+wet+pipe+fire+sprinkler+system=strict=0=lnms=isch=X=0ahUKEwi6jNXQ4o7YAhXLvhQKHTp1AYsQ_AUICigB=1216=716#imgrc=b-6FAup6UwZSkM:

 

 

Porteous, R. (2010). Code
of practice for the operation of fire protection measures. Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems – Principle of Operation
Submitted by rporteous on.
doi:10.3403/02115415u

 

 

Irimia, R., &
Gottschling, M. (2016). 4 Types of Fire Sprinkler Systems.
doi:10.3897/bdj.4.e7720.figure2f

 

 

Markovic, S. (2016). The 4
Types of Fire Sprinkler Systems. Different Sprinkler
Types, 23(3),
25th ser. doi:10.1075/ps.5.3.02chi.audio.2f

 

 

Young, M. (2016, October
11). Types of Agricultural Water Use. Retrieved December 17, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/other/agricultural/types.html

 

 

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