jk”Vªfirk
egkRek xka/kh dk thou ifjp;

        fo’o
bfrgkl esa ,sls fcjys yksx gq, gS ftUgs muds dk;ksZ vkSj fla)karksa ds fy,
oSf’od ekU;rk izkIr gq;h gSA eksgunkl djepUn xka/kh nqfu;k ds dqN fxus pqus
bUgh fcjys yksxksa esa ls ,d Fks A xka/kh ds O;fDrRo dh egkurk vkSj dk;ksZ dh
vej jpukRed ls gh izHkkfor gksdj egku oSKkfud vYcVZ vkbUlVhu us dgk Fkk fd vkus
okyh ihf<;ka 'kk;n gh ;g fo'okl djsxh fd gkM+ vkSj ekal dk cuk ,d ,slk Hkh vkneh /kjrh ij gqvk Fkk A ,d rjQ nqfu;k ds djksM+ks uj&ukfj;ksa dh n`f"V ls xka/kh ,d egkRek Fks rks nqljh vksj muds jktuhfrd izfr}a}h muesa ,d pkykd jktuhfrK dk n'kZu djrs Fks A  xka/kh egkurk ds ftl mPpre f'kkj rd iagqps og ,d lrr~ iz;kl izfdz;k dk vafre mRd"kZ Fkk A vkRe vuq'kklu us muds thou dks egkure cuk;k A         eksgunkl djepUnz xka/kh dk tUe Hkkjr ds if'peh jkT; xqtjkr eas gqvk A fgUnqvksa ds dqN lqizfl) rhFkZLFky xqtjkr esa gS A lhekUr if'pe esa vofLFkr }kjdk dksfV fgUnqvksa ds vkjk/; Jhd`".k dh yhyk & Hkwfe jgh gSA ;gha ij lkseukFk dk fo'o izfl) efUnj gS A xqtjkr cq) egkohj vkSj oYyHkkpk;Z dh f'k{kkvksa dh leUo; LFkyh jgh gSA ;gka ds yksx egku lar dfo;ksa ujlh esgrk vkSj ehjkckbZ ds xhrksa ls izsj.kk ikrs jgs gS A xqtjkr vius m|eh O;olkf;;ksa ds fy, izfl) jgk gSA blds lkFk gh bls vk/kqfud Hkkjr ds nks egku liwrksa egf"kZ n;kuan ljLorh vkSj egkRek xka/kh dks Hkh iSnk djus dk xkSjo izkIr gSa A         xka/kh dk tUe fgUnqvksa ds oS';dqy esa gqvk A izkphu fgUnw lkekftd lksiku ds vuqlkj oS"; tkfr lkekftd vuqdze esa rhljs lksiku ij gSA vuqdze eas budk LFkku czkgE.k ,oa {kf=;ksa ds ckn rhljs LFkku ij vkrk gSA oS";ksa ds ckn 'kqnzksa dk LFkku vkrk gS A izkphudky ls gh oS'; yksx O;kikj ,ao d`f"k dk;Z ls tqMs jgs gS A xka/kh yksx oS';ksa ds eks/k cfu;k mitkfr ls lacaf/kr jgs gSA ihf<;ksa igys xka/khth ds iwoZt cfu;kfxjh fd;k djrs Fks A xka/kh ifjokj dk iSr`d xkao rRdkykuh twukx< fj;klr ds dqfV;kuk Fkk A xka/kh dqVqEc ds ,d m|eh gj thou xka/kh us 1777 bZLoh esa iksjcUnj esa ,d edku kjhnk vkSj ;gka ij vius csVksa ds lkFk feydj viuk O;olk;  yxk;k A ijUrq ifjokj dks ;'k vkSj le`f) fnykus dk dke gjthou ds iq= mRrepan xka/kh us fd;kA vkius dk;ksZ ls mRrepan us iksjcUnj ds 'kkld fkekth dks izHkkfor dj fy;k A 'kkld us mUgs fj;klr dk nhoku fu;qDr dj fn;k A rRdkyhu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa nhoku dk in Hkkj ,oa nkf;Ro dkQh dfBu Fks A ijUrq mRrepan ,d ;ksX; iz'kkld fl) gq, A mUgksus viuh ;ksX;rk ls iksjcUnj fj;klr dks dqizca/ku ls eqfDr ns nh A nqHkkZX;o'k 'kkld fkekth dh ;qokoLFkk esa gh e`R;q gks x;h A jkuh lja{kd & 'kkfldk cuh mRrepan dk jkuh ls ugh iVk A vUrr% mUgsa iksjcUnj NksM+uk iM+k A iksjcUnj ls os twukx< ds vius iSr`d xkao pys vk;sA         tc iksjcUnj esa jkuh ds LFkku ij fodzekthr 'kkld cus rc mRrepan dks fj;klr dk nhoku cukus dk iz;kl iqu% fd;k tkus yxk A ijUrq LokfHkekuh mRrepan us nhoku in dk Hkkj xzg.k djus ls fouezrkiwoZd budkj dj fn;k A rc muds iPphl o"khZ; iq= djepan xka/kh dks nhoku in ij fu;qDr fd;k x;k A os bl in ij 28 o"kksZ rd jgs A vius firk dh rjg djepan xka/kh iz'kklfud ;ksX;rk okys fuHkhZd ea=h fl) gq, A ;gh djepan xka/kh eksgunkl ds firk FksA 

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