Data Protection Act 1998

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A wide range of business like
Tesco use information about individuals, they use information about their own
consumers that shop at their stores. The data protection act 1998 protects the information
in which Tesco collects about the people who shop at their store and makes sure
that it isn’t being exploited. It protects the individuals data making sure
that any of their personal data, medical information and any other data
relating to a persons living is kept confidential and not shown to anyone who
it shouldn’t be shown to and makes sure it is not used for anything other than
what they have agreed for it to be. For example Tesco do not keep their data
for any longer than it is needed and they make sure that it is kept up to date
and accurate and after 5 years they get rid of the information as it isn’t
required anymore or it either gets updated by their consumers for further use
and the consumers have the right to, access the information and stop the
information being held about them.

The Freedom Act 2000

This provides business like Tesco
the right to request information held by the public authority. The public
authority must then tell the applicants whether it has the piece of information
they wanted in which they then supply the information within 20 working days in
the requested format. The impact in which this has on Tesco is:

It can ensure that Tesco’s consumer’s
information is accurate.

It can allow Tesco to gather information on who
lives in a certain area and if a new store was to open or be refurbished it can
see whom this will affect.

Consumers can see how much money Tesco actually
give to their charities they work with like cancer research and race for life.

Computer Misuse Act 1990

This Act legislates certain activities
on the computer like hacking, misusing software or unauthorised access onto a
computer. This Impacts Tesco as it is protecting them making sure that they are
not being hacked like wise they cannot hack any other business like their
competitors as it is held as being illegal. This Act is split into 3 sections
and makes illegal:

Unauthorised entry to computer materials.

Unapproved access to computer systems with the
intention to commit an offence.

Illegal alterations of computer material.


Business ethics are the morals of
what is right and wrong behaviour in the business and there are many codes of
practices that exist in businesses in order to maintain business ethics on:

The use of emails



Organisational policies

Information ownership


The use of emails

Many businesses today have a firm
code of practice set in place on the correct use of emails. Some examples of
how Tesco may stick to the code of practice us by:

Having a rule to only allow employees and consumers
to send emails between working hours and an automatic reply is to be sent
during off hours to allow the consumer to know that the email has been

Tesco will cut down on emails sent to their
consumers as if to many are sent the consumers may complain about being
harassed by Tesco.


Many businesses like Tesco also
have a code of practice on the use of Internet and what their employees can use
the Internet for and what they shouldn’t use the Internet for. For example
Tesco may block the use of social media websites and any other inappropriate
websites within the work place as well as logging anything that comes up as
controversial. The reason Tesco may block any social media sites within the
business is to reduce any computer based bullying going on in the workplace and
making sure anything that shouldn’t be shared is not. Tesco are also allowed to
look at employees social media sites to look for any controversial posts and if
any are found it can lead to them being fired or being taken to court. Also
when employing new staff Tesco may look at their social media websites to also
see if there are any controversial posts or comments that have been said
recently or in the past and if there have been it can result in them not being
employed by Tesco.

Whistle Blowing

This is when an employee raises a
concern about the business practice whether it’s to the management within the
company or an outside organisation like the press. The concern could relate to
crime, danger, fraud or any other serious risks that could impact many people
from shareholders to the environment, colleagues, the public, customers and the
Tesco’s reputation. The whistle blowers may receive a legal protection through
the Interest Disclosure Act. This has an impact on Tesco, as the interest
disclosure law will protect whistle-blowers from victimisation.

Organisational Policies

Organisations may have policies to
make sure that the business practices which regards to information being done
more ethically. This may be to do with how they manage the business information
to ensure marketing and other business practices are fair. An example is a
business like Tesco may have a policy on calling in sick. Tesco would also have
policies on how much money they give to the charities they work with like
Cancer Research UK and Race for Life as well as the money they give to each

Information ownership

The information in which you
create on a day to day work basis is responsible by you and if an employee does
a report on a another employee it should stay confidential and should only viewed
by a select group of people and the person who wrote the report makes them the
information owner. For example in Tesco the stock managers need to make sure
that all of their products are there and how many there are in numbers and need
to report any missing items if there are less numbers of products then there
should be otherwise they may get fired a they are in charge of keeping track of
the information they collect.