Nuclear weapons
should continue to be accumulated by countries as a defence mechanism, however
the actual employment of these in an armed conflict is irrational. The nuclear
stock that each country possesses acts as ‘window-dressing’ for appearance. The
more they accumulate, the more powerful they are. For this reason, we can
easily point out that fear is the primary driving for behind nuclear
deterrence. Fear is described as an unpleasant mental state, which is provoked
by the threat of injure, danger or pain. In relation to nuclear deterrence,
this unpleasant mental state is the sole thing that stands between stability
and world destruction. Nuclear deterrence is therefore the ultimate possible
solution for conflicts between states, as the country with a smaller stockpile
of nuclear arms will have to stop their efforts in keeping up with the fight
and find a possible solution to the problem. Even though new nuclear arms are
being developed, the risk of engaging nuclear warfare will not increase due to
the fear of mutual assured destruction. So, nuclear deterrence is therefore
likely to achieve a system of world stability, but with tensions.

weapons have only been used once during an armed conflict and it took place in
the Second World War. Towards the end of WWII, two cities of Japan, Hiroshima
and Nagasaki, were badly affected by the launch of two atomic bombs from the
United States. The damages of these two attacks were devastating; the number of
fatalities is approximately estimated to be 225,000.  Thousands of people were smashed by these
bombs inside their own houses or buildings in which they were working and whose
skeletons would later appear amongst the remains and the ashes. The human cost
that these explosions had in Japan were high, many of the victims developed
stomach problems, which led to vomiting blood, or bloody watery diarrheal
alongside with severe weakness. Most deaths occurred within the first and
second weeks after the bombs were dropped. Japan’s tragedy served as an example
so that the whole world could really see the consequences of the usage of
nuclear arms during conflict. Since then, nuclear weapons have remained in the
stockpiles of countries without being employed due to the fear generated from
the devastating events that took place in Japan during WWII.

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first time the MAD doctrine was applied was during the Cold War from mid 1940s
until the begging of the 90s. This doctrine was what helped to prevent a direct
full-scale conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States. Hence, this
was an indirect war between these two countries, as they would engage mainly in
secondary wars, this being proxy wars. Engaging in indirect conflicts allowed
the two parties to avoid direct confrontation and automatically reducing the
risk of a response by a nuclear attack. Thus, this illustrates how strong
countries like these were not willing to engage in pre-emptive attack due to
the fear of escalating into a nuclear war. So the Cold War resulted in an arms
race between the USA and the USSR as they both had to maintain nuclear
superiority but still fought in secondary wars. As nuclear war could be best
prevented if neither side thought that they would not be only to survive each
other’s attack, so this lead to the accumulation of nuclear arms stockpile of
each country. This brought about a situation in which neither country could
launch a first strike as both had the power to destroy each other.