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While in a way Reconstruction was a success that to a large extent it restored the United States as a unified nation and by 1877, all of the former Confederate states had drafted new constitutions, acknowledged the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments, and pledged their loyalty to the U.S. government. It also finally settled the states’ rights vs. federalism debate, which was a long-standing issue. 
However, Reconstruction failed in achieving many other vital objectives, the most important one that Radical Republican legislation somehow failed to protect the slaves from white persecution. It also failed to create fundamental changes to the social fabric of the South.
 Immediately after President Rutherford B. Hayes removed the federal troops from the South states in 1877, the slave owners and officials immediately returned to power and the newly empowered white southern politicians passed black codes, voter qualifications, and other anti-progressive legislation to reverse the rights that blacks had gained during Radical Reconstruction
Therefore, though the Thirteenth Amendment brought some kind of freedom for the African Americans but they gained very little thereafter. The defeated Southern States were bitter and resentful and they were determined to keep the African Americans slaves to the extent Possible.
The rights of African Americans were violated and the blacks were forced to use separate facilities and even were not allowed to sit on juries. The right of vote given by the Fifteen Amendment but many of the Southern Sates developed creative ways to make sure that the Blacks are barred and cannot vote. There were many organizations like, Freedman’s Bureau, which tried to help the blacks but they largely failed in their attempt by the anti-organizations groups such as Ku Klux Klan. 
The freedom of the blacks to be effective lacked some of the important factors and the failure of Republican Congaree to break the former slave planation being one of the key one.
The former slaves were really no better off as they soon realized that whites in the South were still controlling them economically through what was known as share cropping and tenant farming. Sharecroppers were supposed to have a chance to earn more and thus become economically better , however the problem was that by the time they had shared their crops and paid their debts, they hardly had any money left. At the most, if they are fortunate, they might have the chance to become tenant farmers, but the chances wre actually very low. 

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