Question: What are the three approaches explaining how
representation of meaning through language works.

 Answer: The
three approaches that can be used for explaining how representation of the
meaning through language works are the reflective, the intentional and the
constructionist approaches. In reflective approach, meaning is supposed to be
present in the real world and language acts like a mirror which shows the exact
real and clear picture of the present world. As the poet Gertrude Stien once
said, “A rose is a rose is a rose “(Source: Stuart Hall, The Work of
Representation. Page-10). In the previous times their image of the present
situation was explained by the languages, paintings, drawings which were
similar to the image of nature outside. So basically, nature was depicted
through copying it in the form of language painting etc. So, the concept of
mimetics is that language works as a mirror by simply reflecting truth that is
fixed in the world. So now talking about the above phrase, what we can see can
be co-related to the actual object. But there are some words, sounds etc which
we do understand but they are not a part of existing world but they are the
fantasies and imaginary world which we create ourselves. The word rose can be
used to explain the actual existing plant only because it is known to us in our
own language, but it is not necessary that the word is present in their
dictionary too, for them it will be a foreign word which they won’t understand.
And if according to someone there exists no such word in their language then
the presence of that object cannot justify its significance and meaning. Due to
differentiation in linguistic skills of the individuals the above stated
opinions are right at their point and to understand the words the other
language should be known to one of them. In the second approach the concept is
reversed, it says that the author or the speaker himself decides the meaning of
the words and makes the world understand the words from his point of view. And again,
argument to this statement can be sited as sometimes individuals tend to
express their views through the means of language, so there cannot be any
unique source of meanings in language although in this existing world we tend
to express ourselves in our own private languages. The third approach is all
about what the actual meaning of language is. It says that neither the
individual nor the things decide the meaning in language. Things themselves
don’t have a meaning we ourselves create it. And this approach explains that
the language is not explained with the help of material world. So, the social
actors create linguistics through different mediums which help in making the
communication easy for the world.

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