(Ref 29, 30)
The Garter snake is a medium to small
sized snake that lives in Canada and other central American areas. It can usually be identified by a the two striped
lines on the exterior of its
These snakes can be found in many parts of north America, they can adapt into
habitats including forests, woodlands, fields, and lawns, as long as they are
close to a source of water.
Garter snakes rely on slugs, leeches, earthworms,
amphibians, lizards, minnows and small rodents as food
Some animals that prey on garter snakes are raptor birds
including hawks, kestrels, and harriers. In
addition raccoons, skunks and mink will prey on snakes.
Coyotes are large carnivorous animals that are native to
Canada and northern America. They are slightly smaller than wolves and appear
to be a mixture of a fox and a wolf.
Coyotes can live in many different areas including,
grasslands and in semi arid climates, they also find shelter in desserts and
broken forests as far north as Alaska. In addition, coyotes live in urban areas, hiding from
humans. There tends to be more prey and less predators in urban areas so
coyotes can thrive in these areas.
Coyotes diets consist of more than 90% meat. Prey consists
of deer, rabbits, rodents, birds, lizards, snakes, and insects including
moths and beetles. In addition, coyotes also feed on plants including,
blackberries, blueberries, as well as wheat and grass.
Coyotes fall on the trophic level of the food chain, and
do not usually become prey. However in rare cases, they can be killed by
wolves, mountain lions or bears.
White tailed deer
The white tailed deer is medium sized deer that is found
almost all over the world. The characteristic white underside of its tail
will distinguish it from other species of deer as well as give it an
White tailed deer are found in southern regions of Canada as well as the united
states. They are very adaptable and can live in hardwoods, croplands, brush lands and pasturelands as well as meadows, forested
woodlots, brushy areas and croplands.
Because White tailed deer adapt to many different habitats
they must also adapt their diet for the habitat. They can eat leaves, many varieties of grass, corn, twigs, fruits and
nuts, alfalfa, lichens and fungi.
The predators to white tailed deer include large mammals
such as humans, mountain lions, wolves, bears, jaguars and coyotes.
Earthworms are small invertebrate animals that have
soft bodies covered in
These worms live in the soil of grasslands, forests,
lawns, parks and other settlements in North America. They prefer to live in the moist leaf litter and
decomposing fertile soils.
Worms eat everything nearby as they pass through
soil and litter . Their diet includes decaying animal and plant matter.
predators to worms include lizards, salamanders, birds, toads, beetles and centipedes.