The first piece of material I gathered was a picture via the internet.
This picture is of the River Rouge assembly plant in Dearborn, Michigan.
This picture shows the manufacturing of the fender for a Ford Motor Company
product. It also shows the facilities of the Rouge plant and how the plant
it self was state of the art.
This plant was the largest of its kind at the time of its construction.
The Ford Motor Company at the time was one of the leaders in labor
relations. This picture shows the size of the plant as well as the working
conditions in the facility.
When viewing the photograph you can see the array of pipes and collection
devices to aid in the circulation of air and the collection of dust and
other by products made in the plant.
The next component I found is another picture of the interior of the Rouge
plant. This picture is one of many conveyer belts in the plant. This belt
is moving engine parts from the engine assembly to the final assembly.
Henry Ford was a pioneer in the use of the assembly line in the automobile
industry, and the Rouge plant was the ultimate in that use of the assembly
line. This photo shows the depth of the plant, being able to manufacture
all components of the cars without having to ship parts to or from other
locations in the country.
The next collection of photographs is of the exterior of the Rouge plant.
These photos were obtained from the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan.
These pictures are of the Rouge during the switch of all production, from
the Highland Park plant, to the Rouge. It was also the time that the Model
A was beginning production.
This collection shows examples of four exterior views of the plant, allude
to the many different factories within the Rouge plant. The Rouge was a
steel mill, a foundry, a power producer and, an assembly line. This all
encompassing idea helped ford relegate all aspects of the production of
Along with the exterior, the interior showed the extent of the all
encompassing Rouge plant. The interior photographs, which were also care
of the Henry Ford Museum, show more factories within the factory. For
example, the four photos in this collection display metal forming, and
metallurgical operations. These pictures included forging, the blast
furnaces, removal of slag and, even salvaging scrap from metal ships.
The interior had two collections to view and the second reaffirmed what the
first portrayed. The second collection displays more metal working
production including the hydraulic shear, which was used for sheet metal,
the open hearth ladle and the hearth building. These photos gave an
impressive direction of the inner workings of the Rouge plant.
As said before the Rouge was the largest manufacturing complex in the
nation when it was built. An aerial photograph of the plant reaffirms that
fact. The photo was taken in 1930 and you can see by the photo the plant
is very impressive. The caption that accompanies the picture gives an
actual figure of the Rouge’s square footage, the total is 6,952,484 square
Before the Rouge plant Ford’s main manufacturing plant was Highland Park.
The Rouge and Highland Park were similar in the way of utilizing the
assembly line to produce the Ford product. Many collections of photos were
found of the assembly line at Highland. One collection shows the final
mating of the model T, which is similar to the final mating of the model A .
Also the one day production of the Highland Park plant, which was dwarfed
by the Rouge one day production total.
The next collection of Highland Park photos displays the typical procedures
in installing components to the automobile. Each of the four pictures
shows the installation to the car. From the engine to the tires the same
principles that were used at Highland Park were used at the Rouge plant.
The final piece of material that was compiled through the search of the
Internet and other sources was the National Historic Landmark of Michigan
web page. This page has a link to an informational page on the Rouge plant.
The plant is listed as a national landmark since 1978 and a Michigan
landmark since 1976. Also listed on the site is the date the property was
bought by Henry Ford and, the date all production was shifted from Highland
Park to the Rouge complex. A significant statement is given about the
Rouge on the marvel of its creation and the full integration of all aspects
of automobile manufacturing to achieve vertical integration and self
In conclusion the River Rouge manufacturing complex in Dearborn, Michigan
was and is one of the great marvels of the early twentieth century. Henry
Ford was the man who introduced the assembly line to the automobile
industry and the Rouge was his crowning achievement. The major Internet
sites used for this compilation was the Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield
Village home page at http://wwwhfmgv.org and, the National Historic
Landmark in Michigan home page at
/ Pages : 810 / 24