What would you do if you could mold society into any form you wanted? Most people would likely aim to change it for the better, as the main goal of society is to improve life for its citizens. Constant improvement is necessary for civilization to move forward, but some societies push too hard by aspiring to create a utopia, and it is this idealist vision that leads to their inescapable downfall. Through the two contrasting dystopian societies depicted in Oryx and Crake, Margaret Atwood advises against the implementation of radical procedures for the eradication of suffering, as they can lead to the destruction of the society it aims to improve. This results from the exclusion of certain people from society, as well as infringing on the rights of those that are included, showcasing how utopian thoughts lead to a dystopian society.The society preceding the spread of the BlyssPluss virus appears to be one of a utopian nature. A closer inspection of the foundation is required to see the cracks in its ideals. A major flaw is shown through the mistreatment of the citizens that do not fit into the societal standards of perfection: those living in the pleeblands. In order to improve the lives of certain citizens, the corporations willingly harm others who are not seen as important to society. The biotechnological companies are able to enjoy consistent success due to their exploitation of the pleeblanders. To them the lower-class are merely pawns that can be used to generate profit. To increase sales for their products, HelthWyzer manufactures diseases to inflict upon the poorer citizens, with Crake saying “for maximum profit-the patient should either get well or die just before all of his or her money runs out” (256). To these corporations, the lower-class exists solely for their benefit, and do not matter in their vision of a utopia. The paradise that Crake had created for the Crakers is a more clear example of a dystopian society. Similarly to how HelthWyzer spreads diseases due to its indifference to the pleeblanders, Crake eradicates the “imperfect” human race to fulfill his maniacal ideas of perfection. The survivors then become outcasts to this new world. Snowman finds himself in a strange new place, where none of the skills that benefited him in his old life provide any value. He lacks the superior physical qualities possessed by the Crakers such as their ability to eat “nothing but leaves and grass and roots and a berry or two; thus their foods were plentiful and always available” (367). Snowman represents the beings that are harmed in the creation of a utopian society. He is depicted as lost and lonely, searching for his place in the world. In both of the societies pictured in the novel, the human desire for perfection alienates and marginalizes those who cannot fit seamlessly into the vision of perfection, leaving them behind in an unfamiliar dystopian landscape.While those who are excluded from the benefits of a utopia suffer, the members of the society that ostracized them are affected as well. In the pre-virus world, the government ensures their complete control by oppressing all personal freedoms. In theory, a utopian society can only be successful if everyone is working in perfect harmony. Any rebellious behavior is seen as a threat to those beliefs, leading to the government adopting a totalitarian stance to stifle the insurgent opinions. Jimmy’s mother is an activist whom the government attempts to prosecute for voicing her dissatisfaction with the system, and when she is finally captured her murder is relayed to the world as “a routine execution” (312). The extreme punishment that can result from rebellious behavior frightens the citizens, leading to the repression of their anti-establishment thoughts. The resulting totalitarian state stems from the government’s desire for complete control, which is required to form a utopia. It is the pursuit of perfection that degrades society into a state of ruin. The inhabitants of Crake’s post-virus world are also affected by his utopian vision. The Crakers are specifically engineered with traits to increase their happiness, as Crake removes the traits he sees as the main causes of unhappiness such as jealousy and anger. But the loss of these aspects leads to a loss of humanity. Jimmy notes how being reduced to one’s basic instincts leads to us being “a bunch of hormone robots” with “no free choice” (203). By forcing the Crakers to conform to the societal mold that Crake has constructed they are unable to experience certain emotions, therefore losing their individuality. Crake does not produce a utopia, but rather a dystopia that leaves its inhabitants with no control over their own lives.  The blueprint for a utopia does not eliminate the suffering in society but rather enhances it.Through an analysis of the societies shown in Oryx and Crake, it is quite evident that an attempt to create a utopian society can only result in a dystopian one. The dystopias portrayed are directly caused by the poor enactment of utopian visions, which leads to harm for the people involved and excluded from the process. The goal of a utopian society is always just out of reach, a perfection can never be achieved for everybody. Humanity must find a time when good is good enough.  

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