Work life of an individual entails responsibilities
and duties peculiar to the organisation, position, and task at hand.
Theoretically according to Oliver Sheldon, “the process of combining the work which individuals
and groups have to perform” is an organization. They come into existence when there
are people who are desirous of satisfying personal and social needs.
Organizations are created and maintained by people and are categorized entities.
These entities have a long term existence, have an orderly structure and
arrangement of activities. It also customizes its roles, tasks, relationships,
positions, and accountability too. Authority is assigned to persons occupying
various positions. Compliances of norms and guidelines are strictly to be
followed. Talcott Parson’s classification of organization on a functional basis
comprises of religious organizations like a temple, mosque, church, trusts and
wakf boards.As per this classification the Hindu religious
institution –the temples are organisations which carry out religious activities.
These temples staffs individuals who know the tasks they need to carryout
efficiently and effectively. The poem “The Brooke” by Lord Tennyson describes the brooke by saying, “men may go,
men may come, but I go on forever”. This verses are apt to visionise temples
which has been in existence dating back to over 1000 years and more. Hindu temple
is a “house of god(s)” (George Michell (1977) and distinctly reserved for
rituals and customs of religious and spiritual nature. These Hindu temples
religiously follow the Vedic traditions, culture and customs handed down from
ancient times. These traditions are being carried out by persons who are
conventionally handed over the job, either by their family legacy or as a vital
part of their birthright. But now a days religious boards also recruits people
through selection processes for the posts of priest’s .The priests also called
Shanthikars conduct the ceremonial worship in the inner sanctum sanctorum of temples.
Their main role and duties pertain to conduct of daily puja (prayer)at the
different  temple they are stationed
.They conduct rituals, practices  and chant
mantras (religious hymns) .They need to have a practical knowledge of these
hymns ,how to perform the  routine
offerings ,the materials required like the flowers ,the various artifacts like
specific puja vessels, bells etc. They are to have an understanding of the
timings and the structure of each rituals of different ceremonial and daily
rituals. Every temple has its own deity and uniqueness. These priests need to
have a working knowledge of the rituals of individual deities which differ
according to temples. But with time and cultural evolution in society these
category of individuals have started to don various roles other than what is
constituted in their role and responsibilities. These subtle change in roles
and responsibilities are due to their interactions with the devotees who come
to offer prayer in these temples.

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